3d Printer Filament Types and Uses Pdf

3d Printer Filament Types and Uses Pdf


Comparison Guide: Types and Uses of 3D Press Filaments

3D Press

3D Printing

3D Printing

Quality prints need the right materials. Before starting some other project, yous must cull which 3D printing filament can see your desired production durability, advent, and uses.

This comparing guide will show y’all the nuances between each filament to brand certain you’re using the correct material for your 3D printed detail.

Key points

  • Thermoplastic filaments are the primary fabric used for FDM 3D printers. For SLA printers, it’south best to employ resins.
  • Thermoplastics melt when heated which makes it easier to shape and mold before it cools down.
  • PLA and ABS filaments are the most common and cheapest 3D printing filament types. Information technology’s a proficient selection for beginners.
  • The standard diameters of 3D printing filaments are 1.75 mm and ii.85 mm.
  • You must choose a filament based on the end-use of the detail you’re planning to print. For example, if your product needs to be sturdy, your filament must be durable.

A Quick Comparison of 3D Printing Filaments

Quality prints need the right materials. Earlier starting another project, you must cull which 3D printing filament can meet your desired product durability, advent, and uses.

Filament Strong Points Uses Difficulty to use Print Temperature Bed Temperature Shrinkage / Warping Food Safe
ane. PLA
  • Easy to print
  • Biodegradable
  • Variety of colors

Decorative and not-durable item Depression 180°C – 230°C xx°C – threescore°C (optional) Minimal No
2. ABS
  • Durable
  • Resistant to

    high temperatures
  • Impact-resistant
Items requiring strength, durability, and resistance to estrus Medium 210°C – 250°C 80°C – 110°C High No
  • Durable
  • Easy to impress
  • Flexible
  • Resistant to

    high temperature

    and impact
Functional objects Low 220°C – 250°C l°C – 75°C Minimal Yes, every bit long equally there are no harmful additives
iv. TPE
  • Rubber-like
  • Stretchable and soft
  • Durable
Loftier-wear objects or items that need to exist bent, stretched, or compressed Medium 210°C – 230°C 30°C – 60°C (optional) Minimal No
5. Nylon
  • Durable
  • Flexible
  • High impact resistance
  • Heat resistant
Functional prototypes, gears, mechanical parts, and artful objects Medium 240°C – 260°C 70°C – 100°C High Run across manufacturer guidelines
six. PC
  • Durable
  • Heat and impact resistant
High-wear items such as automotive, electrical, and mechanical parts Medium 270°C – 310°C 90°C – 110°C Loftier No
7. ASA
  • Heat and UV resistant
  • High impact and

    wearable resistance
  • No yellowing or

    discoloration vs ABS
Outdoor objects, sports equipment, electrical installations High 220°C – 245°C 90°C – 110°C High Yes, depending on the form of the cloth
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1. PLA

Best for:
Prototypes, decorative items, bobbleheads, containers, architectural models

Non recommended for: High-wear toys, phone cases, estrus resistant items

Variant/south: PLA+ (more durable version of PLA)

PLA (polylactic acid) is 1 of the best 3D printer filaments in the market because information technology’due south like shooting fish in a barrel to utilize, widely available, and biodegradable. Information technology’due south made from natural sources such as sugarcane and corn starch, making information technology odorless and sometimes, sugariness-smelling.

It too has a low printing temperature. Y’all won’t need to use a heating bed when using this filament considering it doesn’t warp easily. On the contrary, it cannot withstand temperatures above sixty°C. Don’t use it for products that will be exposed to heat.

If yous’re working on
3D printing projects

that need different colors and styles, PLA is a adept selection. It’south as well used as a base fabric for funky filaments such as glow-in-the-dark and wood-infused filaments.

I of its downsides is its brittleness. PLA has a lower tensile strength than ABS and PETG. This material is more suitable for aesthetic purposes rather than mechanical objects. When used for 3D printing, PLA is non food-safe considering information technology tends to develop bacteria and molds.

2. ABS

All-time for:
Toys, automotive parts, kitchen appliances, musical instruments, industrial uses

ABS+ (reduced shrinkage and warping)

ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) is a widely-used heat-resistant 3D printing filament. However, when it comes to everyday and casual use, it’s less popular than PLA. It’s more difficult to impress. It also warps more. You need a hot print bed and bed agglutinative to prevent it from warping.

Earlier using it, you must have a well-ventilated workspace. The fumes coming from melting ABS are toxic and foul-smelling.

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Despite its drawbacks, ABS is superior to PLA. Information technology has stronger material properties — it can withstand high temperatures and stress. Apply information technology for objects you always handle, heat, or drop.

iii. PETG

Best for:
Functional objects or any items exposed to sudden or prolonged stress such every bit protective and mechanical components.

Base form:


PETT (more rigid than PETG)

PETG CF (PETG infused with carbon fiber – higher durability, easier printing, and better surface finish)

PETG (polyethylene terephthalate glycol) is known for its durability, flexibility, and resistance to high temperature and impact. You lot tin can use this in press functional objects that will be exposed to sudden or prolonged stress.

This filament is clearer, easier to print, and less brittle compared to its base grade (PET). If you’re torn between PLA and ABS, PETG can run into your needs halfway. It’south like shooting fish in a barrel to print like PLA and it’s as well flexible and durable like ABS.

When working with this filament, brand sure to store it properly because it’s susceptible to moisture. Its surface also scratches easily.

iv. TPE

Best for:
High-wear objects or any items that you need to bend, stretch, or compress.

TPU (more rigid, more durable, and easier to print; can better maintain elasticity in the cold compared to TPE)

TPC (college resistance to heat, chemical, and UV exposure).

TPE (thermoplastic elastomers) is a rubber-like filament used to produce stretchable and durable items. It can withstand stress and impact that PLA and ABS can’t handle. Because of its backdrop, you can use it in 3D press automotive parts, toys, and medical supplies to proper noun a few.

This filament is clearer, easier to print, and less brittle compared to its base of operations class (PET). If you’re torn between PLA and ABS, PETG tin can meet your needs halfway. It’southward easy to print like PLA and it’s also flexible and durable similar ABS.

Yet, it can be difficult to extrude. It also has a slower printing speed. To solve this dilemma, you can apply its variant, TPU, for a meliorate 3D printing experience.

5. Nylon

Best for:
Functional prototypes, gears, mechanical parts, and aesthetic objects

Nylon CF (nylon infused with carbon fiber)

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Nylon is a durable filament used to create functional prototypes, gears, and other mechanical parts. It has a loftier wet holding which makes it easy to dye before or after the printing process.

Like ABS, it likewise requires a loftier print bed and nozzle temperature. Non using a heated bed will atomic number 82 to warping and subpar output. Though nylon is more than difficult to impress due to its high-temperature requirement, this exact property makes it tough and resistant to touch and abrasion.

Another challenging part of using nylon is its hygroscopic holding or the ability to absorb moisture from the air. Even a curt exposure to humidity can affect its quality. Using an exposed nylon filament in printing volition exit “bubbles” in your 3D printed output instead of a shine finish. Make sure to store it in a dry place to go on it in its optimal status.

6. PC

Best for:
High-wear items such as automotive, electrical, and mechanical parts

PC (polycarbonate) is i of the strongest filaments, thanks to its immovability and resistance to high temperatures and sudden concrete impacts. It’s transparent and moderately flexible, making it a vital material in producing automotive, electric, and mechanical components. Like nylon, polycarbonate is also hygroscopic so retrieve to store information technology properly to maintain its quality.

7. ASA

Best for:
Outdoor applications, electrical installations, sports equipment, automotive parts

Considered as a substitute to ABS filament, ASA (acrylonitrile styrene acrylate) prints are rigid, strong, and heat-resistant. It’s best used for outdoor applications due to its high resistance to UV and harsh atmospheric condition conditions. Also, it’s resistant to chemical exposure.

Though information technology’south considered as the improved version of ABS, ASA can still warp during printing. To prevent it, you need to employ a heating bed. Take notation that it’due south as well hygroscopic and then make sure to store it in a cool, dry place.

Correct Filament for the Right 3D Printed Object

Are you looking for the all-time filament for your 3D press project? MakerCarl offers the following filaments: PLA, PLA+, ABS, ABS+, ABS Max, PETG, ASA, nylon, nylon CF, PETG CF, and TPU. Send united states of america your ideas today!

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